Milk and milk products have been included in the recommendations for a healthy diet all over the world. Milk is globally considered to be an important foodstuff for people in all stages of their lives, from childhood to adults and elderly. This becomes clear when taking a closer look at the recommendations for healthy nutrition. Milk provides essential nutrients, such as valuable proteins, vitamins B2 and B12, and minerals, such as calcium, phosphorus and potassium.
Dietary guidelines are guidelines for healthy food drawn up in order to prevent a shortfall in nutrient intake. Apart from this, they are increasingly aimed at preventing non communicable diseases. The guidelines in different countries roughly contain the same message based on the principles of nutritional sciences (such as eat enough fruit and vegetables). On the other hand, national guidelines often contain unique characteristics based on priorities and cultural habits of the country involved. In most dietary guidelines the recommended quantity of milk and dairy products, such as yoghurt and cheese, is two to three servings a day.
Table 1 Nutritional value of skimmed, semi-skimmed and full-fat milk per 100 ml